ALOPECIA: TYPES, SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT
The term alopecia refers to any severe partial or complete hair loss that causes baldness. “Severe” means that a part of the body is deprived of hair.
As you know, the entire surface of human skin, except for the palms and soles of feet, is covered with hair. Therefore, for various reasons, baldness can occur on any part of the skin. It becomes most noticeable when it covers the scalp and eyebrows.
SV Atelier will help to hide alopecia unnoticeably
For several years we have been helping girls to hide the manifestations of alopecia.
Recently, a guest visited our studio who was faced with focal (partial) alopecia. According to the client, at first the area where the hair stopped growing was very tiny and almost invisible, but literally in a year it became several times larger.
Initially, diagnostics and measurements were carried out, consultation with the client, selection of hair of the desired shade and structure.
We have made an individual partial hair replacement system that completely covered the affected area of the skin. Exclusively natural materials of premium quality.
The product is placed on a special double-sided tape. This type of substitution system allows you to lead an active lifestyle and not give up the usual daily activities.
Natural hair loss
Periodic hair loss is an absolutely normal condition. A person who is not at all threatened by baldness loses about a hundred hairs every day.
Therefore, if a woman’s hair is long, bright and stiff (which is a sign of their great vitality), a false impression about the threat of alopecia may occur. But in this case, the “mane” remaining on the comb and clogging tap holes in the bath is just a natural exchange of hair, which does not pose any danger.
Doctors do not consider any severe hair loss as alopecia.
Even a person who does not have any chronic diseases often has to deal with periods when hair falls out very much.
The cause of natural hair loss may be:
- prolonged stress
- state of grief
- the recovery period after the illness, accompanied by a strong increase in body temperature
- vitamin deficiency (hypovitaminosis)
- age-related hormonal restructuring
In this case, the loss may even be very significant. But it does not cause bald spots, although it sometimes reduces the splendor of the hairstyle.
Taking antibiotics, statins and some other medications can also cause increased hair loss. But the hair is restored after the medicine withdrawal.
Symptoms of hair loss
Even very severe hair loss is not always a symptom of the onset of baldness. The condition when the hair “falls in clumps” often occurs in the following cases:
- Quite a lot of time has passed between washing your hair or between using a comb (for example, during a trip). Several daily rates of loss, stuck in bristles, look really intimidating.
- Wearing a tight hairstyle. When the hair is loosened in the evening, they begin to fall out intensively.
Signs of the onset of pathological baldness:
- the hairline is shifting;
- hair is thinning, losing shine and elasticity;
- If you sort through the hair on your head, small bald spots are noticeable;
- the bald spot appears only in one place, and the condition of the hair does not change in neighboring places.
True women’s baldness often demonstrates its typical features:
The hair parting is gradually expanding, the “Christmas tree” parting appears. At the same time, pronounced thinning of the hair looks like a wedge starting from the forehead.
Hair stops growing, is thinning, splitting, a woman can no longer use the usual bar pins, hairpins, decorative combs, because there is not enough volume to fix these ornaments.
The scalp begins to shine strongly through the hairstyle.
Doctors distinguish several different types of baldness. However, a single, fully standardized classification has not yet been created.
Androgenetic alopecia (androgenic alopecia) is the most common type
This type is more common for men. But women's androgenic alopecia proceeds according to a very similar pattern. Men suffer from this type of baldness almost 5 times more often than women, and their first signs may appear at a young and even tender age.
Age plays a very big role for this type:
- after 50 years, characteristic signs appear in every second man;
- androgenetic alopecia in women over 50 is observed in every fourth.
At the same time, the hairs first weaken, become thin, lose their beautiful appearance. Then the hair falls out with the bulb and no longer grows.
In men, the first foci of baldness appear in the forehead and / or top of the head. In women, the pathological process begins in the area of the central parting, then passes to the top of the head.
Androgenetic alopecia (androgenic alopecia) is the most common type
Androgenic alopecia in children and adolescents also occurs, but rarely.
This type progresses slowly, so it is noticed already at the middle stage of development.
Receding hairlines in women very often appear not at all due to androgenic alopecia, but due to improper hair care and due to excessive fascination with tight hairstyles. This problem is not related to pathology and is quickly eliminated if you consult a specialist and follow their instructions.
With this type of baldness, a person loses hair intensively and evenly over the entire area of the scalp. Such diffuse hair loss occurs in both men and women.
This is the second most common type of baldness. It occurs due to a violation of the cycle of hair development. Depending on the stage at which the failure occurred, it is divided into two forms:
Such abundant hair loss in women, men and even children is often observed as a reaction of the body to a strong adverse factor. It can be stress, endocrine diseases (inflammation of the thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus and others), taking antibiotics, antidepressants, statins and a number of other medications.
This alopecia in women is often caused by excessive enthusiasm for weight loss diets, and in men – excessive consumption of beer.
In addition, in women, telogen alopecia can sometimes be caused by another specific factor – pregnancy. Although this condition is very upsetting for women, but if there are no other pathologies, it does not pose any danger.
Synchronous hair loss and the transition of the bulbs to a state of rest are associated with a sharp hormonal restructuring. After about 9 months, the hair begins to grow actively again. However, it takes more time to restore the hairstyle.
Severe type of baldness, which is not so common. Of all cases of alopecia, only 20% belong to scarring.
Irreversible hair loss occurs due to the death of follicles and the formation of scar tissue in the places where they once were. Alopecia of this type most often begins to develop at the site of injuries (where a scar is formed), as well as due to inflammation caused by viral, bacterial and fungal infections.
Also, various diseases of the hair follicles themselves lead to scar alopecia: follicular mucinosis, absceding undermining Hoffmann's folliculitis, Brock's pseudopelada and others.
If the treatment is started on time, then the process can be stopped and the hair can be preserved.
Another name is focal alopecia. With this type of baldness, the body's immune system attacks the cells of the hair roots, as a result of which the hair falls out and no longer appears.
The pathological autoimmune process, as a rule, begins with one place (focus) and gradually spreads to other areas. In the later stages, it can lead to complete loss of hair on the entire surface of the body. This is the so-called total alopecia. In this case, the disease often captures not only the hair, but also the nails. This type of baldness is mainly associated with a genetic predisposition. It is rare – no more than 2.5% of the population.
This type of baldness is associated with taking certain medications. It is most pronounced during chemotherapy. Medicines used to treat oncological diseases affect rapidly dividing cells. These include not only cancer cells that need to be destroyed, but also cells responsible for hair growth.
In most cases, after the end of chemotherapy, the hair will recover by itself.
In addition to chemotherapy medicines, a huge number of medications can cause drug alopecia. These include even "harmless" nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen and others) and vitamin A.
Oral contraceptives also often damage the hair. To prevent this from happening, you can take any medicine only as prescribed by a doctor.
The health of the hair should be taken care of as carefully as the health of any other part of the body. If problems arise (even if it’s just a loss of the splendor of the hairstyle), you need to contact a specialist. If you start treatment on time or take individually selected preventive measures, then you can either completely stop the process or significantly slow it down.
But even if severe hair loss cannot be prevented, there is no need to get discouraged about this. Today, the aesthetic problem can be successfully solved with a comfortable wig or a hair replacement system. Our company has the following philosophy — every woman can feel feminine, harmonious and sexy.
Our products will help you have a hairstyle that you like, regardless of hair problems.
The author’s innovative development by Sergey Vorontsov. The product can be worn without removing it for several weeks.
It is absolutely invisible to others, guarantees convenience and comfort in wearing.